Helpful IEEE Format Example Guidelines

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Helpful IEEE Format Example Guidelines
Table of Contents
  1. Helpful IEEE Format Example Guidelines
  2. IEEE style basics
  3. Basic IEEE format features
  4. IEEE Headings
  5. Primary headings
  6. Secondary headings
  7. Tertiary headings
  8. Quaternary headings
  9. How to cite sources in the text
  10. Formatting your reference list
  11. 1.Book
  12. 2. Papers Presented at a Conference
  13. 3. Course
  14. 4. Datasets
  15. 5. Electronic source
  16. How to use IEEE quotes?
  17. Paraphrasing in IEEE
  18. When to give page numbers?
  19. Where to get professional assistance?

The reference style of the IEEE or the Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers requires all students to use citation numbers within special square brackets. They also need to number all citations correctly. Many professors ask to use the IEEE format when writing research and other academic papers in technical fields, especially in computer science and management. It’s based on Chicago guidelines and requirements. Look at a suitable IEEE format example to get more information.

IEEE style basics

When formatting an academic paper in this style, students need to number all citations and include their numbers in the text in square brackets, not superscripts. It’s necessary to include important bibliographical information in a list of references at the end of your piece of writing (next to corresponding citation numbers).

Why do formats matter? The basic purpose of any format is to provide readers with relevant data about the sources you use and cite in your text. In IEEE citations, number all references and put them in the order they appear in your paper to earn high grades. What if you need to refer to references? When referring to them in the text, put numbers in square brackets.

Basic IEEE format features

This formatting style has a few distinct features, including:

1. The titles of sources. 
  • Conference papers and chapters’ titles should be in special quotation marks;
  • The title of a book or a journal should be in italics.
2. Authors’ names. Names of the authors should  include surnames and initials (this requirement is different from MLA rules);

3. Font Type & Size. Normal text should be:

  • single-spaced in 10-point Times Roman (or Times);
  • with 12-point interline spacing;
  • in the two-column format.

4. Concerning the context and a field of study, IEEE formatted papers may, involve one-two or all of the following options:

  • Acknowledgements
  • Appendices
  • Note to Practitioners
  • Nomenclature

The above-mentioned conventions allow readers to distinguish references at once. The right placement of such details as commas, periods, pages, dates, tags, and colons depends on the type of references that you need to cite in your academic paper. Check out an updated IEEE format example to find everything you need.

Don’t forget to put periods after book titles and authors, abbreviate all months to their first three letters, and cite page numbers. Acknowledge all the sources of information that you use in the text, including borrowed ideas and quotes, to avoid plagiarism. Provide citations and their references in the order they appear in it.

IEEE Headings

To divide one long paper into clearly labelled smaller sections, IEEE formatting style proposes different types of headings and headings of different levels. Headings aim to increase readability and paper encouragement. Among the most typical sections, you may meet and place in your paper are Introduction and Conclusion headings and the other sections within the main content of the paper related to the aspects of the paper topic and content presented different heading types with examples:

Primary headings

These headings should be:

  • enumerated with Roman numerals 
  • followed by a period
  • set in small caps
  • centered above the text.

For example: I. Primary Heading

Secondary headings

  These headings should be:

  •  enumerated with capital letters
  •  followed by a period
  •  set in italics 
  • set in title case
  • left-aligned
  • unindented
  • separated from the paragraph by a line break

For example: A. Secondary Heading

Tertiary headings

 These headings should be:

  • enumerated by Arabic numerals
  • followed by a close-parenthesis
  •  set in italics
  • set in title case
  • left-aligned
  • indented one em
  • separated from the paragraph by a colon (mention: no line break between the heading and paragraph)

For example: 1) Tertiary Heading: Paragraph material starts here...

Quaternary headings

These headings should be:

  • enumerated by lowercase letters
  • followed by a close-parenthesis
  • set in italics 
  • set in sentence case
  • left-aligned
  • indented two ems
  • separated from the text by a colon

For example: a) Quaternary heading: Paragraph material starts here...

How to cite sources in the text

IEEE in-text citations should consist of numbers in square brackets and correspond to specific citations in your reference list that you put at the end of your assignment. Give them in the ascending order. If you refer to the sources that you cited in the text, use the previously assigned ones to avoid making a mistake. Enclose all in-text citation numbers by square brackets and put them on the text line (with space before brackets and inside sentence punctuation). We have provided some examples of IEEE in-text citations listed below:

1.Rule: text, Author [source number]
Example: as shown by Smith [4]
2.Rule: text [source number], [source number]
Example: as mentioned earlier [4],[1]
3.Rule: text, Author 1 and Author2 [source number]
Example: as shown by Smith and Rogue [4]
4.Rule: text, [1st source number]-[last source number]
Example: as mentioned earlier [4]-[8]

What if your citations are nouns or footnotes? You need to treat them grammatically in this case. If your sources of information have three or more authors, use et al (which means others) after the first one. IEEE formatting rules don’t allow you to provide publication dates or mention the authors of used sources within your text, except where their names are integral to the right understanding of a full sentence. Ensure that in-text citation and reference list numbers match. That’s because editing them may require renumbering your entire list.

Formatting your reference list

Put a numbered list of references at the end of your research paper and make sure that it contains all the necessary detailed of sources. Its entries should be in the order you cite sources in the text (from the lowest to the highest) to submit a good work. Don’t use an alphabetical order by titles or authors.
Here are some basic rules and examples of how we should cite different types of proceedings in print, pdf, or online in IEEE format. 


Rule: J. K. Author, “Title of chapter in the book,” in Title of His Published Book, xth ed. City of Publisher, (only U.S. State), Country: Abbrev. of Publisher, year, ch. x, sec. x, pp. xxx–xxx. 

Example: L. Stein, “Library of random patterns,” in Computers and You, J. S. Brake, Ed. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 1994, pp. 55–70.

 2. Papers Presented at a Conference

Rule: J. K. Author, “Title of paper,” presented at the Abbreviated Name of Conf., City of Conf., Abbrev. State, Country, Month and day(s), year when published, Paper number.

Example: J. Arrillaga and B. Giessner, “Limitation of biomedical engineering,” presented at the IEEE Summer Power Library, New York, CA, USA, Jul. 12–17,1990, Paper 70 CP 637.

3. Course

Rule: Name of University. (Year). Title of course. [Online]. Available: URL

Example: Argosy University Online. (2012). Information literacy and engineering company. [Online]. Available:

4. Datasets

 Rule: Author, “Title.” (Date, Year). Distributed by Publisher/Distributor. if DOI is used, end with a period

Example: S. Ansolabehere, M. Palmer, and A. Lee. “Precinct-level election company. V1.” January 20, 2014. Distributed byHarvard Election Data Archive.

5. Electronic source 

Rule: Video Owner/Creator, Location (if available). Title of Video: In Initial Caps.(Release date). Accessed: Month Day, Year. [Online Video]. Available:

Example: Doane Academy, Burlington, NJ, USA. Second Grade Bossy R. (Feb. 28, 2013). Accessed: Jun. 3, 2018. [Online Video]. Available:

How to use IEEE quotes?

Students use direct quotes to back up their major arguments by showing the exact phrases and words of authors. To format them correctly, enclose all quotes in double quotation marks and give citations in standard square brackets either after them or after authors’ names in addition to page numbers.

There are both long and short quotes. When using longer quotes (they consist of three or more lines), use block quotations and set a block of your quoted text as a separate paragraph. Use small font sizes for them and indent them from both margins. After quotations, give in-text citations in square brackets and write down the page numbers of your sources from where you took quotes phrases or words.

Paraphrasing in IEEE

When paraphrasing in your piece of writing, you express the facts or ideas that you find in other sources in different words, and that’s why you need to give references. Give citation numbers right after them.

For paraphrases, students don’t need to state page numbers. You can still use them along with citations in your text or in a reference list if you need to refer to a specific idea or theory in used sources. This is how you enable targeted readers to find specific information. When it comes to longer sections of books, articles, or other sources of information, they don’t require any page number.

When to give page numbers?

When formatting your IEEE paper, provide them in all in-text citation when quoting directly if you want to impress professors. It’s not necessary to give them when:

Where to get professional assistance?

If you have any difficulties with IEEE formatting requirements, think about using our professional services to overcome them successfully. Our team of qualified and reputable experts is always ready to help you. Contact them to solve your problems fast.